My Name is Jean Timothee, Prince de Turquie
The Polish Purebred Arabian horses are placed in the world"s most forefront for years, while Pure Polish brand is the byword of the highest quality among the breeders all over the world.
In 1864 the westernizing Ottoman Sultan, establishing his own blood
stock, imported 90 mares and two stallions, including some descendants of the 1855 stallion Indjanin imported from England from Count Branicki"s studs "Szamrajowka, Janiszowka and Uzin" in Bialocerkiew.
This farm's reputation was so brilliant that the Ottoman Sultan Abdulaziz, sent his stall master the native Polish Władysław Kościelski alias Sefer Pasha (1819-1895) there, to choose Arabian horses to refresh and replenish the sultan's own stud at Kabiuk, the earliest stud farm in today Bulgaria.
It was started by Sultan Abdulaziz in 1864 under the supervision of Midhat Pasha, the Governor of the Ottoman Danube Province, as a military stud farm for the Turkish army. The stud farm is on the Shumen Plato, 13 km northeast of Shumen; the average altitude is 194 m. Even in the first years of its operation, the number of horses reached about 1000. Later, in the course of the 1877-78 Russian-Turkish War, all horses were transported to Istanbul by the withdrawing Turkish army, and later sold back to Poland. The newly liberated Bulgarian state found the stud farm empty.
What surprises me is that "Sultan Abdulaziz" not turned to the Bedouin or Egyptian Khedive to import Arabian horses (the Arabia Deserta was a hundred-year-long part of the Ottoman Empire as well as North Africa).
No, he went to Europe to Count Branicki from Bialocerkiew.